Sudan possesses a rich cultural heritage due to its wide range of diversity in ethnicities, traditions, customs, and dialects. Despite ethnic and cultural differences, various groups have common customs and practices that negatively
discriminate against girls and women and violate their rights, such as female genital mutilation, forced or underage marriage, and the narrowing of women’s participation in decision-making and political life.

Most Sudanese people are Muslims, representing 97 percent of the population; the rest are Christians and atheists/agnostics. Currently, there are over 30 million Muslims in Sudan. Religion deeply influences governance and daily life. Muslims in Sudan generally adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam.