About This Resource

This report offers a high-level comparative review and analysis of Muslim family laws (MFLs) in seven countries in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHoA) region that was conducted to build the case for legal reform towards justice and equality in Muslim families.

The seven countries include three countries with Muslim-majority populations (Sudan, Somalia, and Somaliland ) and four countries with Muslim-minority populations (Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Uganda).

The analysis examines twelve key areas of concern identified by Musawah in which discrimination often takes place against women and girls. These include:

  • Issues related to entry into marriage: equality of spouses, age of marriage, consent, and capacity
  • Issues during marriage: polygamy, violence against women, nationality rights
  • Issues upon dissolution of marriage: divorce rights, financial rights after dissolution, custody and guardianship of children
  • The general issues of inheritance and access to justice

Analysis was conducted on data collected in the form of six country tables and an internal brief on Somaliland, as well as additional data obtained from researchers and other sources on the subject.


Advocates, Musawah


Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Somaliland, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda